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June 30, 2018

UNESCO Declares Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai a World Heritage Property

Unesco World heritage, Mumbai

Photo: Elphinstone College, as part of the Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai. Image Credit: Franx.

Manama, Bahrain, June 30, 2018 — India’s nomination of the “Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai” has been inscribed on UNESCO’s World Heritage list.

The decision was taken at the 42nd session of the World Heritage Committee of UNESCO at Manama in Bahrain today. As recommended by the World Heritage Committee, India accepted the renaming of the ensemble as “Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai”.

India has secured the inscription of the “Victorian Gothic and Art Deco Ensembles of Mumbai” on UNESCO’s World Heritage List under Criteria (ii) and (iv) as defined in the UNESCO’s Operational Guidelines.

In the past five years, India has managed to get inscribed seven of its properties/sites on the World Heritage List of UNESCO. India now has overall 37 World Heritage Inscriptions with 29 Cultural, 07 Natural and 01 Mixed sites. While India stands second in number after China regarding the number of World Heritage properties in ASPAC (Asia and Pacific) region, it is overall sixth in the world.

The Ensemble comprises of two architectural styles, the 19th-century collection of Victorian structures and the 20th century Art Deco buildings along the sea, conjoined through the historic open space of the Oval Maidan. Together, this architectural ensemble represents the most remarkable collection of Victorian and Art Deco buildings in the world which forms the unique character of this urban setting, unparalleled in the world.

The Ensemble consists of 94 buildings primarily of 19th-century Victorian Gothic revival and early 20th century Art Deco style of architecture with the Oval Maidan in the center. The 19th-century Victorian buildings form part of the larger Fort precinct situated to the east of the Oval Maidan. These public buildings include the Old Secretariat (1857-74), University Library and Convention Hall (1874-78), the Bombay High Court (1878), the Public Works Department Office (1872), Watson&#8217’s Hotel (1869), David Sasoon Library (1870), and the Elphinstone College (1888). The Art Deco styled buildings to the west of the Oval Maidan were raised in the early 20th century on the newly reclaimed lands at Marine Drive and symbolized the shift in expression to represent contemporary aspirations.

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Edited & Posted by the Editor | 9:39 AM | Link to this Post

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